nephrologist

Hydronephrosis; Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Health & Fitness

Hydronephrosis can cause discomfort and other complications. Hence, it is advised to consult the best nephrologist in Lahore. The specialist will help conduct tests that would help in diagnoses. Also, the specialist will help assist in treatment that would allow the patient to enhance the quality of life by functioning adequately in various aspects of life.

What is hydronephrosis?

 Hydronephrosis is a condition in which one or both kidneys swell due to the excessive accumulation of urine. The excessive urine in the kidneys is not drained out and causes swelling. Hence, the person might feel unbearable pain while urinating. Individuals of any age can develop and suffer from the condition.

What are the known causes of hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is mainly a result of other conditions. The known causes include;

  • Individuals having kidney stones may develop this condition. The stones hinder the functioning of kidneys and the drainage of urine.
  • Congenital blockage; which is the defect that can result in the development of hydronephrosis
  • The individuals having physical injuries may scar the tissues. It can lead to complications such as hydronephrosis.
  • Individuals with pelvic cancer are prone to developing the condition.
  • Urinary Tract infection can cause hydronephrosis.
  • Pregnant women are at a higher risk of suffering from hydronephrosis.

What are the symptoms that correlate with hydronephrosis?

The signs correlating with hydronephrosis include:

  • The individual suffers from fever for most of the time
  • The patient experiences nausea
  • Individual experiences unexplained pain in the abdominal region
  • Excessive pain while urinating
  • The patient sweats and is irritable most of the time

What tests aid in the diagnosis of hydronephrosis?

Urine Analysis: The test helps in identifying the development of abnormal cells or infection.

Complete Blood Count: It helps to evaluate the overall health of the patient. Also, to check if the person is anemic.

Electrolyte Testing: The kidneys are primarily responsible for maintaining the concentration in the bloodstream. The test helps in identifying if the person is suffering from chronic hydronephrosis.

Imaging Tests: Ct scans help in detecting if any kidney stones are hindering the urine flow and causing swelling.

X-ray: The x-ray helps in detecting if there is any obstruction to the urethra or the bladder.

Testing of Kidney Functioning: Blood urine nitrogen, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate help evaluate the functioning of the kidneys.

How can hydronephrosis be treated?

The treatment for hydronephrosis include:

  • Urine Drainage: The process involves the use of a thin tube, known as a catheter to drain the excess fluid from the kidneys.
  • Use of Ureteric Stent: Hydronephrosis may be caused due to the narrowing of the ureter. The ureteric stent helps open the ureter and reduces the swelling.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: The kidneys stones can lock the pass way and result in the accumulation of urine. The procedure breaks kidney stones and regulates the urine flow.
  • Antibiotics: The use of antibiotics help fight against urinary tract infection that may be causing the problem.
  • Analgesics: The swelling can cause discomfort and pain. The use of analgesics helps minimize the pain.

What steps can help in preventing the occurrence of hydronephrosis?

Patients with a history of developing kidney stones should be vigilant and take precautionary measures. They can opt for surgeries such as lithotripsy to avoid complications such as hydronephrosis. Patients with congenital abnormalities cannot take any measures that can help them minimize the chances of developing the condition.

The nephrologist can help the person identify their disease and how they can manage their symptoms. The specialist helps identify the cause of the hydronephrosis. The specialist will conduct multiple tests to evaluate the condition and help the patient opt for suitable treatment.

Hydronephrosis can cause discomfort and other complications. Hence, it is advised to consult the best nephrologist in Lahore. The specialist will help conduct tests that would help in diagnoses. Also, the specialist will help assist in treatment that would allow the patient to enhance the quality of life by functioning adequately in various aspects of life.

What is hydronephrosis?

 Hydronephrosis is a condition in which one or both kidneys swell due to the excessive accumulation of urine. The excessive urine in the kidneys is not drained out and causes swelling. Hence, the person might feel unbearable pain while urinating. Individuals of any age can develop and suffer from the condition.

What are the known causes of hydronephrosis?

Hydronephrosis is mainly a result of other conditions. The known causes include;

  • Individuals having kidney stones may develop this condition. The stones hinder the functioning of kidneys and the drainage of urine.
  • Congenital blockage; which is the defect that can result in the development of hydronephrosis
  • The individuals having physical injuries may scar the tissues. It can lead to complications such as hydronephrosis.
  • Individuals with pelvic cancer are prone to developing the condition.
  • Urinary Tract infection can cause hydronephrosis.
  • Pregnant women are at a higher risk of suffering from hydronephrosis.

What are the symptoms that correlate with hydronephrosis?

The signs correlating with hydronephrosis include:

  • The individual suffers from fever for most of the time
  • The patient experiences nausea
  • Individual experiences unexplained pain in the abdominal region
  • Excessive pain while urinating
  • The patient sweats and is irritable most of the time

What tests aid in the diagnosis of hydronephrosis?

Urine Analysis: The test helps in identifying the development of abnormal cells or infection.

Complete Blood Count: It helps to evaluate the overall health of the patient. Also, to check if the person is anemic.

Electrolyte Testing: The kidneys are primarily responsible for maintaining the concentration in the bloodstream. The test helps in identifying if the person is suffering from chronic hydronephrosis.

Imaging Tests: Ct scans help in detecting if any kidney stones are hindering the urine flow and causing swelling.

X-ray: The x-ray helps in detecting if there is any obstruction to the urethra or the bladder.

Testing of Kidney Functioning: Blood urine nitrogen, creatinine, and glomerular filtration rate help evaluate the functioning of the kidneys.

How can hydronephrosis be treated?

The treatment for hydronephrosis include:

  • Urine Drainage: The process involves the use of a thin tube, known as a catheter to drain the excess fluid from the kidneys.
  • Use of Ureteric Stent: Hydronephrosis may be caused due to the narrowing of the ureter. The ureteric stent helps open the ureter and reduces the swelling.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: The kidneys stones can lock the pass way and result in the accumulation of urine. The procedure breaks kidney stones and regulates the urine flow.
  • Antibiotics: The use of antibiotics help fight against urinary tract infection that may be causing the problem.
  • Analgesics: The swelling can cause discomfort and pain. The use of analgesics helps minimize the pain.

What steps can help in preventing the occurrence of hydronephrosis?

Patients with a history of developing kidney stones should be vigilant and take precautionary measures. They can opt for surgeries such as lithotripsy to avoid complications such as hydronephrosis. Patients with congenital abnormalities cannot take any measures that can help them minimize the chances of developing the condition.

The nephrologist can help the person identify their disease and how they can manage their symptoms. The specialist helps identify the cause of the hydronephrosis. The specialist will conduct multiple tests to evaluate the condition and help the patient opt for suitable treatment.

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Uneeb Khan

I love Web Surfing. Writer. Blogger. Self-Believer.| I love to grab the latest news Knowledge and share the fresh dose of technology, lifestyle, travel, how-to’s, life lessons through the social platform and my blog. At my free time I love to read new things and write the post of my blog and share with my social locality.